|Mobility and Role||Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile|
|Designer/Producer||People’s Republic of China|
|Warhead Type and Weight||Nuclear or Conventional/600kg|
|MIRV and Yield||No MIRV capability/200-300kt|
|Guidance System/Accuracy||Inertial/300-400m CEP|
|Status/Number of Units||Operational/12 missiles “est”|
The Ju Lang-1 is China’s first submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) with a range of 1,700- 2,150 km and carrying a single 200-500 kT nuclear warhead.  China’s Type 092/Xia-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine (SSBN) carries up to 12 JL-1 missiles. The Xia-class is China’s first SSBN and was launched in 1981, commissioned in 1987 and successfully launched its first SLBM in 1988.  It was replaced by the JL-2 as the PLAN’s SLBM, which entered service in 2015. 
It is not believed that the Xia-class submarine has ever left Chinese coastal waters due to vulnerabilities related to slow speed, a noisy engine, and an unreliable reactor.  The Xia-class underwent a refit from 1995-2000, but it remained vulnerable to antisubmarine warfare platforms. 
 “Chinese Ballistic Missile Models.” Nuclear Threat Initiative. July 8, 2015. http://www.nti.org/analysis/articles/chinese-ballistic-missile-models/#JL1.
 “Xia Class.” Military-Today. http://www.military-today.com/navy/xia_class.htm.
 Missile Defense Project, “JL-2,” Missile Threat, Center for Strategic and International Studies, August 12, 2016, last modified July 31, 2021, https://missilethreat.csis.org/missile/jl-2/.