January 30, 2019


Designation SSC-8
Mobility and Role Land Mobile Intermediate Range Cruise Missile
Weight Unknown
Producer, Country Novator, Russian Federation
Warhead(s) Conventional or Nuclear
Stages/Propellant Unknown
Units Deployed 2 Battalions


It was reported by the New York Times on February 14, 2017, that the Russian Federation deployed a new cruise missile, designated as the SSC-8. Though news of the missile’s deployment is recent, knowledge of its development is not. The Obama administration had previously called on the Russian Federation to halt its development of the weapon system, which is believed to be a variant of the 3M-54 Kalibr sea-based missile (NATO: SS-N-27 Sizzler). The Times also noted that they believe two battalions in Russia are currently equipped with the SSC-8 system, with one of them stationed at Kapustin Yar (the Russian rocket launch and development location).


January 2019: Russia formally recognized the missile’s existence, but maintains that it does not violate the INF Treaty. Also for the first time, Russia released photos of the SSC-8’s launcher.

February 2017: The New York Times reports the Russian Federation has deployed the missile system in violation of the INF Treaty[i]

September 2015: An additional test of the SSC-8 is reported[ii]

July 2014: President Obama writes to President Putin informing him that the United States has concluded the new Russian missile system violates the IMF Treaty[iii]

January 2014: The United States informed NATO allies that Russia was in the process of testing a new ground-launched cruise missile and reaffirmed concerns about its compliance with the INF treaty[iv]

2011: American intelligence officials note there is cause for concern pertaining to the missile’s INF compliance

2008: It is believed by American officials that the Russians first began to develop the SSC-8 in 2008, unaware of possible INF violations






Missile Threat and Proliferation


International Cooperation