Quick Facts


Gepard 1A2

Gepard CA1

Role and Mobility Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun; Land-Mobile
Interceptors and Range

Twin Oerlikon GDF 35 mm Guns:

-550 rounds per minute fire rate (per gun)

-12 km range

-360-degree range


Search Radar:

-S-Band Germany (15 km range)

-X-Band Netherlands


Tracking Radar:

-Ku-Band Germany (15 km range)

-X-Band Netherlands

Targets Helicopters and Low-Flying Aircraft
Status/Exports Operational/Retired; Germany (retired), Chile, Romania, Netherlands (retired), Belgium (retired)
Designer/Producer Krauss-Maffei Wegmann


The Gepard Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun (SPAAG) consists of twin Oerlikon GDF 35 mm guns mounted on a Leopard 1 tank chassis.[i]The turret can swivel 360 degrees, providing a full range of coverage for the system. The Gepard’s search and tracking radars are also mounted on the chassis, behind the turret and in front of it, respectively.[ii]

The system is operational in Romania and Chile, both having purchased systems from Germany. The system’s three original users, Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands have all retired their units.[iii]

An improved variant of the original Gepard, the Gepard 1A2, was developed to operate a new fire control system, which increased the system’s range and reduced its reaction time. The variant also uses different ammunition than the original.[iv]

The Dutch variant of the German Gepard is the Gepard CA1 which operates different radar than the original.[v]

Strategic Implications

 With twin Oerlikon 35 mm guns on a Leopard 1 chassis, the Gepard is a highly effective air defense system that features greater mobility than others of its type. As it is self-propelled and carries its own radars, the Gepard is capable of operating as both a solo air defense unit and as part of a larger coordinated effort. Despite its age, the Gepard 1A2 upgraded variant is still capable of operating successfully in a modern threat environment.


September 2008: Chile bought 30 ex-Germany Army Gepard systems[vi]

November 2004: First delivery of surplus German Gepard systems to Romania[vii]

1973:Gepard entered into service with the German Army.[viii]

1960s: Development of the Gepard begins[ix]

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