Greece

January 2017

Background

In 1964, Greece and several other NATO countries signed the “Multilateral Agreement” for use and operation of the NATO Missile Firing Installation (NAMFI) at Crete, Greece’s largest island. The agreement established Greece as one of NATO’s leaders in air and missile defense, a status that the country maintains today, and Greece is one of only five NATO nations with deployed Patriot air and missile defense systems.

In commitment to NATO’s integrated air and missile defense, Greece has acquired a diverse range of air and missile defense capabilities, which provide the country a malleable defense against various threats.


Ballistic Missile Defense Capabilities in Greece

System Operator Number Deployed Role  
MIM-104 Patriot/PAC-2 (GEM-T) Greece Six batteries Short-range terminal ballistic missile defense
S-300P Greece Unknown Short-range terminal ballistic missile defense

Air Defense Capabilities in Greece

System Platform/Role Number Deployed Operator  
MIM-104 Patriot/PAC-2 (GEM-T) Road-mobile/Medium- to long-range air defense Six batteries Greece
ESSM Sea-based/Medium-range air defense Deployed on two Hydra-class frigates Greece
Sea Sparrow Missile Sea-based/Short-range air defense Deployed on two Hydra-class frigates Greece
Phalanx CIWS Sea-based/Short-range air defense Deployed on four Hydra-class frigates Greece
S-300 Road-mobile/Long-range air defense Unknown Greece
9K33 Osa (SA-8 Gecko) Road-mobile/Short-range air defense Unknown Greece
Tor-M1 Road-mobile/Short-range air defense Unknown Greece

Current Developments

Today, NAMFI, under the administrative control of Greece’s Hellenic National Defense General Staff, is used by Germany, Greece, and the Netherlands to conduct live firings with air and missile defense platforms. Conducted under realistic tactical scenarios, these live firings increase operational confidence in the systems and improve the interoperability of NATO’s air and missile defense infrastructure.

Recent News

Sources

[i] https://theaviationist.com/2014/01/12/greece-fires-s300/

International Cooperation