SeaRAM Anti-Ship Missile Defense SystemDecember 8, 2017
|Mobility||Sea-based/Ship-Mounted on naval ships|
|Role||Protect deployed naval ships from anti-ship missiles|
|Status||Installed on multiple Littoral Combat Ships/ Currently being equipped by four forward-deployed destroyers|
The SeaRAM Anti-Ship Missile Defense System is a sea-based self-defense weapon that protects naval ships from supersonic and subsonic threats.[i] These threats include cruise missiles, drones, and enemy aircraft, as well as small boats. The range of the SeaRAM is currently classified but is estimated to be similar to that of the MK-31 Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM) at 9km.
The SeaRAM is an improved system combining the MK-15 Close-In Weapons System (CIWS) Phalanx and the MK-31 RAM missile.[ii] The SeaRAM is an 11-launcher system that has the MK-15 CIWS track and search radar and optic sensors.[iii] The defensive platform acts as complete weapon system that “automatically detects, evaluates, tracks, engages, and performs kill assessment against ASM and high speed aircraft threats in an extended self-defense battle space envelope around the ship.”[iv] This allows the system to engage multiple threats simultaneously without using other weapon systems on the ship.
The United States currently has the SeaRAM installed on multiple Littoral Combat Ships and the USS Porter Arleigh Burke-class destroyer.[v] The U.S. is also in the process of installing SeaRAM on three other Arleigh Burke-class destroyers in Rota, Spain including the USS Donald Cook, the USS Ross and the USS Carney.[vi]
The US Navy needed a way to better protect its four Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) destroyers stationed in the Mediterranean Sea. Since the ships are so focused upward on searching for missile threats, they become vulnerable themselves to cruise missiles and other incoming munitions. Rather than station another ship nearby to protect the BMD destroyer, Navy engineers realized they could install the SeaRAM anti-ship missile defense system on to the ships to add a layer of protection.[vii]
Also, as drone technology becomes increasing available and deployed, SeaRAM has proven its capability to shoot down incoming drones offering protection that is deployed around the globe and has mobility.
November 2017: The USS Jackson shot down an aerial drone with the SeaRAM defense system.
March 2016: The Navy successfully completes first live fire test of SeaRAM from destroyer.
September 2015: The Navy began integration of SeaRAM on Rota-Based Destroyers.
May 2012: The US Navy awarded a $57.8M contract to Raytheon for the manufacture of two SeaRAM missile defense systems.
May 2010: SeaRAM completed two blast test vehicle launches from the USS Independence to validate the structural integrity of both the weapon system and the ship.
2009: A SeaRAM missile defense system was first deployed on the hangar roof of the LCS-2.
March 2008: A SeaRAM missile defense system was delivered for deployment aboard the US Navy’s littoral combat ship, the USS Independence.
August 2003: The first development modal was unveiled.
December 2002: Raytheon received a $6.7M modification to an existing development contract from the US Navy.
Late 2001: Raytheon and US Navy conduced test-firing of four blast test vehicles for measuring launch forces of the weapon system.
2001: Raytheon delivered an engineering model of the SeaRAM anti-ship missile defense system to the United Kingdom’s Navy for suitability testing.
- U.S. Missile Defense
- U.S. Deployed Intercept Systems
- Aegis Ashore
- Aegis Afloat
- Ground-Based Midcourse Defense
- Patriot Missile Defense System
- Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD)
- Avenger Air Defense System
- Counter-Rocket, Artillery, Mortar (C-RAM)
- SeaRAM Anti-Ship Missile Defense System
- U.S. Deployed Sensor Systems
- Command and Control
- U.S. Missile Defense Policy
- U.S. MDA Funding
- U.S. Deployed Intercept Systems
- Missile Defense of U.S. Partners
- U.S. Partners in Missile Defense
- Allied Intercept Systems
- Allied Sensor Systems
- Other BMD Systems
- Missile Defense Intercept Test Record
- Operational Intercepts by System
- Future BMD Systems
- Global Hawk Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
- Medium-Range Discrimination Radar
- Reaper Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (MQ-9)
- Boost Phase Missile Defense
- Directed Energy
- Electromagnetic Railgun
- Hyper-Velocity Powder Gun
- LPD Based Ballistic Missile Defense Ship
- Long Range Discrimination Radar (LRDR)
- Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS)
- Multi-Mission Launcher (MML)
- Multi-Object Kill Vehicle (MOKV)
- Space-based Kill Assessment (SKA) Experiment
- Discontinued Programs