Taiwan

June 13, 2018

Background

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China, is a state in East Asia neighboring Japan and the People’s Republic of China. When the People’s Republic of China established control over mainland China following the Chinese Civil War, the ROC relocated its government to Taiwan and has remained there ever since. The PRC claims Taiwan as their province and denies their existence as a sovereign state. Due to the PRC’s refusal to maintain diplomatic relations with countries that recognize Taiwan, only 18 nations formally recognize the nation;[i]however, the US is one of the ROC’s main allies and has provided arms and training since 1979.[ii]

Ballistic Missile Defense Capabilities in Taiwan

System Operator Number Deployed
Patriot/PAC-3 Taiwan Approx. seven batteries

Taiwan received three PAC-2 systems in 1997 and in 2001, these┬áPAC-2 systems underwent upgrades to the more-capable PAC-3 missile defense system. In 2009, Taiwan procured four additional PAC-3 systems from the United States. Taiwan deploys these air and missile defense systems around the country’s capital, Taipei.

Air Defense Capabilities in Taiwan

System Role Number Deployed Country of Origin
MIM-104 Patriot/PAC-2 Medium- to long-range air defense (PAC-2/GEM interceptors) Approx. seven batteries United States
Avenger Air Defense System Short-range air defense Unknown United States
MIM-23 Hawk Medium-range air defense Unknown United States
Tien Kung I-III (Sky Bow I-III) Short- to long-range air defense Unknown Taiwan