Taiwan, officially the Republic of China, is a state in East Asia neighboring Japan and the People’s Republic of China. When the People’s Republic of China established control over mainland China following the Chinese Civil War, the ROC relocated its government to Taiwan and has remained there ever since. The PRC claims Taiwan as their province and denies their existence as a sovereign state. Due to the PRC’s refusal to maintain diplomatic relations with countries that recognize Taiwan, only 22 nations formally recognize the nation; however, the US is one of the ROC’s main allies and has provided arms and training since 1979.
Ballistic Missile Defense Capabilities in Taiwan
|Patriot/PAC-3||Taiwan||Approx. seven batteries|
Taiwan received three PAC-2 systems in 1997 and in 2001, these PAC-2 systems underwent upgrades to the more-capable PAC-3 missile defense system. In 2009, Taiwan procured four additional PAC-3 systems from the United States. Taiwan deploys these air and missile defense systems around the country’s capital, Taipei.
Air Defense Capabilities in Taiwan
|System||Role||Number Deployed||Country of Origin|
|MIM-104 Patriot/PAC-2||Medium- to long-range air defense (PAC-2/GEM interceptors)||Approx. seven batteries||United States|
|Avenger Air Defense System||Short-range air defense||Unknown||United States|
|Tien Kung I-III (Sky Bow I-III)||Short- to long-range air defense||Unknown||Taiwan|
Raytheon received a $685.7 million Foreign Military Sales (FMS) contract to provide additional new Patriot missiles systems to Taiwan in 2015. In November 2016, the U.S. Air Force awarded Raytheon a $26 million contract to supply Taiwan with upgraded missile warning radar centers.