Kuwait

October 3, 2018

Background

Kuwait is an Arab country in the Persian Gulf bordering Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Kuwait has a strategic partnership with the US and has received military and defense technical assistance and is an important ally in the US’ fight against international terrorism.


Kuwait Ballistic Missile Defense Capabilities

System Operator Number Deployed Platform
Patriot/PAC-3  Kuwait Unknown Ground-based/ mobile

Kuwait Air Defense Capabilities

System Role Number Deployed Platform
 MIM-104 Patriot/PAC-2  Medium- to Long-Range Air Defense  Unknown  Ground-Based; Road-Mobile japan-patriot
 Spada 2000  Medium-Range Air Defense  Unknown  Ground-Based  
MIM-23 Hawk Medium-Range Air Defense Unknown Ground-Based
Skyshield 35 Short-Range Air Defense Unknown Ground-Based; can be Road-Mobile

Kuwait is equipped with land based PAC-2 & PAC-3 Patriot missiles. In 2009 and 2012 Kuwait successfully executed two live fire patriot tests on its own soil.[i]  Kuwait also has the Spada 2000 which is an improved variant of Skyguard ground based air defense system. Kuwait has followed up with requests for two more patriot batteries and 100 missiles signally its recognition of the growing threat from Iran.


Current Developments

As a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council, which has been tasked with forming a regional ballistic missile defense shield, Kuwait is working with Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates to achieve this goal. In 2007, Kuwait negotiated a key FMS case with a $148 million contract to upgrade its six Patriot radars to the Configuration-3 version.

In 2016, Raytheon won a $523.4 million contract to upgrade Kuwait’s Patriot missile defense systems. New additions include the modern adjunct processor, digital radar, and upgraded software. Work on the contract is scheduled to be completed by December 2018.[ii]

Most recently, in September 2018,  the United States Defense Department announved it would be removing two Patriot batteries from Kuwait. There are currently no plans to replace the systems.


Recent News


References

[i] https://www.shephardmedia.com/news/landwarfareintl/kuwait-air-defence-forces-conduct-succes/

[ii] https://www.bizjournals.com/washington/blog/fedbiz_daily/2016/06/raytheon-wins-523-4-million-contract-to-upgrade.html

International Cooperation