Hatf-9

Development

The Hatf-9 or Nasr is short-range ballistic missile with a range of 60 km developed by Pakistan. The Hatf-9 is solid fueled as well as being road mobile. [1] However, this missile is not operationally deployed. First flight tested on April 19th, 2011, it was subsequently tested in May 2012 and February 2013. [2] It was successfully tested in November of 2013 however while deemed nuclear-capable there has not been a test with a nuclear warhead. [3] It is considered to be a quick response unit, and has the capability to launch 4 missiles from a multi-tube launcher. [4]Furthermore, due to this test, Pakistani military officials are considering making the Hatf-9 an operational part of the Pakistani military. [5]

Strategic Implications

The short range and warhead of this missile indicates that Pakistan is developing a tactical nuclear weapon. [6] This weapon would be developed in order to counter the Indian conventional army not unlike NATO’s force planned to counter a Soviet tank invasion. [7] India on the other hand, does not have such small tactical nuclear weapons. [8]

References

[1]   “Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threat,” 2013, accessed July 2, 2014,  http://www.afisr.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-130710-054.pdf .

[2] Rajaram Nagappa, Arun Vishwanathan, and Aditi Malhotra, “Hatf-Ix/nasr Pakistan’s Tactical Nuclear Weapons: Implications for Ind0-Pak Deterrence,” International Strategic and Security Studies Programme, July 31, 2013, accessed July 2, 2014, http://isssp.in/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/R17-2013_NASR_Final.pdf .

[3] Usman Ansarri, “Experts: Missile Test Firing Shows Development Complete,” Defense News, November 6, 2013, accessed July 2, 2014,  http://www.defensenews.com/article/20131106/DEFREG03/311060029/Experts-Missile-Test-Firing-Shows-Development-Complete .

[4] Ibid

[5] Ibid

[6]   Ali Ahmed, “Pakistan’s Nuclear Capable Missile,” The Diplomant, August 24, 2011, accessed July 2, 2014,http://thediplomat.com/2011/08/pakistans-nuclear-capable-missile/?allpages=yes .

[7] Ibid

[8] Hans Kristensen and Robert Norris, “Pakistan’s Nuclear Forces,” Bulletin for the Atomic Scientists, 2011, accessed July 8, 2014,  http://bos.sagepub.com/content/67/4/91 .

Missile Threat and Proliferation