Hatf-9By Michael Arthur
The Hatf-9 or Nasr is short-range ballistic missile with a range of 60 km developed by Pakistan. The Hatf-9 is solid fueled as well as being road mobile.  However, this missile is not operationally deployed. First flight tested on April 19th, 2011, it was subsequently tested in May 2012 and February 2013.  It was successfully tested in November of 2013 however while deemed nuclear-capable there has not been a test with a nuclear warhead.  It is considered to be a quick response unit, and has the capability to launch 4 missiles from a multi-tube launcher. Furthermore, due to this test, Pakistani military officials are considering making the Hatf-9 an operational part of the Pakistani military. 
The short range and warhead of this missile indicates that Pakistan is developing a tactical nuclear weapon.  This weapon would be developed in order to counter the Indian conventional army not unlike NATO’s force planned to counter a Soviet tank invasion.  India on the other hand, does not have such small tactical nuclear weapons. 
 “Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threat,” 2013, accessed July 2, 2014, http://www.afisr.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-130710-054.pdf .
 Rajaram Nagappa, Arun Vishwanathan, and Aditi Malhotra, “Hatf-Ix/nasr Pakistan’s Tactical Nuclear Weapons: Implications for Ind0-Pak Deterrence,” International Strategic and Security Studies Programme, July 31, 2013, accessed July 2, 2014, http://isssp.in/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/R17-2013_NASR_Final.pdf .
 Usman Ansarri, “Experts: Missile Test Firing Shows Development Complete,” Defense News, November 6, 2013, accessed July 2, 2014, http://www.defensenews.com/article/20131106/DEFREG03/311060029/Experts-Missile-Test-Firing-Shows-Development-Complete .
 Ali Ahmed, “Pakistan’s Nuclear Capable Missile,” The Diplomant, August 24, 2011, accessed July 2, 2014,http://thediplomat.com/2011/08/pakistans-nuclear-capable-missile/?allpages=yes .
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