The Ghauri, or Hatf-5, is a medium or intermediate-range ballistic missile with a range of 1,250 km. This missile is liquid fueled and is considered to be road-mobile.  Finding the technological limits of the Chinese M-11 missile, Pakistan had to find a different source to base their missile on. Analysis of the Ghauri suggests that Pakistan based the missile off of North Korea’s Nodong design.  In April of 1998 Pakistan successfully tested the Ghauri, which flew 700 km, well short of a proposed 1,500 km. Pakistan also responded to the Indian Agni-II test with another test of the Ghauri in April of 1999 which reportedly struck a target 1,100 km.  The missile was introduced to the Indian military in 2003.  Some analysts theorize that the Ghauri benefits from North Korea’s payload spin technology. This spin, like a bullet from a rifle would help stabilize a missile. 
Furthermore, the Ghauri has an estimated 1,000 kg payload in either conventional or nuclear weaponry. There are reports of a modified Ghauri, or Ghuari-2, which has an increased strike range that includes all of India. Along with the Shaheen-I, the Ghauri appears to be the answer to India’s Prithvi and Agni missile series. The time line of development for the Pakistani missiles and the Indian missiles remain closely together.  Since 2007 the testing of the Ghauri has slowed due to international pressure as well as an increased focus on cruise missiles and tactical nuclear weapons.  However, Pakistan still tested the Ghauri missile in November of 2012. 
With the Ghauri, New Delhi has become a viable strategic target for Pakistani forces.  In addition to New Delhi other population centers and military forces are in range of the Ghauri missile.  The Ghauri is considered to be Pakistan’s line of Strategic deterrence.  Furthermore, Pakistan does not have a no-first use policy making the Ghauri an effective first strike weapon. 
 “Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threat,” Air Force ISR Agency, accessed July 3, 2014,http://www.afisr.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-130710-054.pdf.
 “Ghauri [hatf-5]-pakistan Missile Special Delivery System,” Federation of American Scientists, accessed July 3, 2014,http://fas.org/nuke/guide/pakistan/missile/hatf-5.htm.
 “Ghauri [hatf-5]-pakistan Missile Special Delivery System,” Federation of American Scientists, accessed July 3, 2014,http://fas.org/nuke/guide/pakistan/missile/hatf-5.htm
 “Country Profile Pakistan: Missiles,” Nuclear Threat Initiative, accessed July 3, 2014, http://www.nti.org/country-profiles/pakistan/delivery-systems/ .
 Zeenews Bureau, “Pak Test Fires N-Capable Hatf v Ghauri Missile,” ZeeNews, November 29, 2012, accessed July 3, 2014, http://zeenews.india.com/news/south-asia/pak-test-fires-n-capable-hatf-v-ghauri-missile_813368.html .
  “Ghauri [hatf-5]-pakistan Missile Special Delivery System,” Federation of American Scientists, accessed July 3, 2014,http://fas.org/nuke/guide/pakistan/missile/hatf-5.htm.
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