BaburBy Michael Arthur
The Babur or Hatf-7 is a Land Attack Cruise Missile with a range of 350 km.  The Babur is launched primarily from transporter erector launchers emplacements and is both conventional and nuclear capable.  The Babur is reported by the Inter Services Public Relations office to be stealth capable with pinpoint accuracy. The Babur has the terrain-hugging capability meaning that the missile does not fly in a horizontal or ballistic trajectory but stays close to the ground during its flight.  The Babur was initially tested in 2005 and then most recently in 2012. The missile also surprised some analysts for its complexity as well as its unexpectedly unreported development. The Babur bears some similarity to the U.S. Tomahawk system and is slimmer than other Pakistani missiles leading to some suggestion of warhead miniaturization.  Some reports hypothesize that Pakistan reversed engineered some of American from crashed missiles in Pakistan and uses technology from donated Chinese missiles. 
It appears that Pakistan is shifting toward a tactical nuclear doctrine.  This entails that Pakistan is trying to find a level of nuclear use which allows deployment on the battlefield without escalating to cities being targeted. The Babur would be likely used in precision targeting and there are plans to develop a surface ship capability. This could help blunt a conventional Indian invasion or prevent rapid nuclear escalation.  Furthermore, India has only developed a ballistic missile defense system. At the moment, it is unlikely that India could successfully intercept a Pakistani Cruise missile. 
 “Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threat,” Air Force ISR Agency, 2013, accessed July 8, 2014,http://www.afisr.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-130710-054.pdf.
 “Country Profile Pakistan: Missiles,” Nuclear Threat Initiative, accessed July 8, 2014, http://www.nti.org/country-profiles/pakistan/delivery-systems/ .
 Shane Mason, “Pakistan’s Babur and Ra’ad Cruise Missiles: Strategic Implications for India,” Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, July, 2012, accessed July 9, 2014, http://www.ipcs.org/article/india/pakistans-babur-and-raad-cruise-missiles-strategic-implications-for-india-3681.html .
 “’Babur’ and Its Implications for Pakistan’s Defense Capabilities,” South Asia Asian Strategic Stability Institue, December 13, 2012, accessed July 9, 2014, http://www.sassi.org/babur-its-implications-for-pakistans-defense-capabilities/ .
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