M-7 (8610)/CSS-8March 2017 by Collin Meisel
|PRC/U.S. Designation||M-7 (8610)/CSS-8|
|Missile Variants||HQ-2 modified[i]/Tondar-69(Iran)[ii]|
|Mobility and Role||Road-mobile/Short-Range Ballistic Missile|
|Designer/Producer||People’s Republic of China|
|Warhead Type and Weight||Conventional/190kg[iv]|
|MIRV and Yield||N.A.|
|Guidance System/Accuracy||Inertial/300m CEP “est”[v]|
|Stages/Propellant||Two/Solid (first) and liquid (second)[vi]|
|Status/Number of Units||Operational/2-5 launchers; 100-500 missiles “est”[vii]|
The M-7 (or 8610) is a road-mobile, short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) modeled after the People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) HQ-2 surface to air missile (SAM), which itself is a modification of the Soviet SA-2 SAM.[viii] With two stages – the first solid fuel and the second liquid fuel – the M-7 has an estimated range of 150km and is accurate within approximately 300m.
Given the M-7’s lack of ability to execute “precision strike” missions,[ix] and its lack of mention in recent annual reports to Congress by the Office of the Secretary of Defense on “Military and Security Developments Involving the [PRC],” the M-7 does not appear to play a crucial role in the PRC’s ballistic missile arsenal other than the sheer numbers it adds to their estimated 1,200-strong SRBM inventory.[x] Since the late 1980s, several hundred M-7 SRBMs and related components have reportedly been sold by the PRC to Iran.[xi] Subsequently renamed the Tondar-69, Iran utilized this SRBM during military drills in September 2009.[xii]
[i] Anthony H. Cordesman, Strategic Threats and National Missile Defenses: Defending the U.S. Homeland, (Westport, US: Greenwood Press, 2001) p. 98.
[ii] Global Security, “DF-7 / M-7 / 8610 / CSS-8,” last modified April 20, 2014, http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/china/m-7.htm.
[iii] Joseph Cirincione et al., Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Threats, 2nd ed., Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2005, p. 106, www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt6wpkbk.9.
[iv] Joseph Cirincione et al., Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Threats, 2nd ed., Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2005, p. 106, www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt6wpkbk.9.
[v] Moon Chung-In and Natalie W. Crawford, Emerging Threats, Force Structures & the Role of Air Power in Korea, (Santa Monica, US: RAND Corporation, 2000) p. 196.
[vi] Joseph Cirincione et al., Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Threats, 2nd ed., Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2005, p. 106, www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt6wpkbk.9.
[vii] Moon Chung-In and Natalie W. Crawford, Emerging Threats, Force Structures & the Role of Air Power in Korea, (Santa Monica, US: RAND Corporation, 2000) p. 196.
[viii] Global Security, “DF-7 / M-7 / 8610 / CSS-8.”
[ix] Office of the Secretary of Defense, Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China, 2010, p. 72, https://www.defense.gov/Portals/1/Documents/pubs/2016%20China%20Military%20Power%20Report.pdf.
[x] Ibid., p. 25.
[xi] Global Security, “DF-7 / M-7 / 8610 / CSS-8.”
[xii] Jenny Percival, “Iran Says it Has Carried Out Successful Short-Range Missile Tests,” The Guardian, September 27, 2009, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/sep/27/iran-nuclear-weapons.
- Threat Basics
- Today’s Missile Threat
- North Korea
- China’s Anti-Access Area Denial
- Russia’s Anti-Access Area Denial
- Non-State Actors
- Missile Proliferation Index by State
- Dong Feng-16 (CSS-11)
- Dong Feng-15 (CSS-6)
- Dong Feng-11 (CSS-7)
- M-7 (8610)/CSS-8
- Dong Feng-12 (CSS-X-15)
- Dong Feng-3 (CSS-2)
- Dong Feng-21 (CSS-5)
- Dong Feng-21D (CSS-5)
- Dong Feng-26
- Dong Feng-4 (CSS-3)
- Dong Feng-5 (DF-5)
- Dong Feng-31 (CSS-10)
- Dong Feng-41(CSS-X-20)
- DH-10 / CJ-10
- Changjian-20 (CJ-20)
- Dong Feng-17
- 3M22 Zircon
- Avangard (Hypersonic Glide Vehicle)
- BrahMos II
- RS-26 Rubezh
- OTR-21 Tochka (SS-21 Scarab)
- SS-1 Scud-A
- R-17 Elbrus (SS-1 Scud-B)
- SS-1d Scud-C
- R-17 VTO/SS-1e (Scud-D)
- Iskander-M (SS-26)
- Kh-47M2 Kinzhal (“Dagger”)
- SS-18 Satan/R-36M2 Voyevoda
- SS-19 Stiletto
- RS-12M Topol (SS-25 Sickle)
- SS-27 / Topol-M
- SS-27 Mod 2 / RS-24 Yars
- RS-28 Sarmat (Satan 2)
- AS-15 Kent (Kh-55 Granat)
- RK-55 Relief (SS-N-21 Sampson)
- 3M-54 Klub (SS-N-27 Sizzler)
- 3M-14 Kalibr (SS-N-30A)
- P-15 Termit (SS-N-2 Styx)
- P-6 Progress/SS-N-3C Shaddock
- P-120 Malakhit (SS-N-9 Siren)
- P-270 Moskit/SS-N-22 Sunburn
- P-500 Bazalt (SS-N-12 Sandbox)
- P-700 Granit/SS-N-19 “Shipwreck”
- KH-35 (SS-N-25 Switchblade)
- P-800 Oniks (SS-N-26 Strobile)
- P-1000 Vulkan
- R-29R / SS-N-18 Stingray
- R-29RM / SS-N-23 Skiff
- SS-N-30 Bulava
- Notable Missile Tests
- Combat Launches
- Future Ballistic Missile Technology