Spain’s geographic location sits on the border of Europe and Africa. Primary threats to Spain include failed and failing states in North Africa, as well as terrorists operating in the region. The country joined NATO in 1982, and has cooperated with the U.S. in the framework of the U.S.-Spain Missile Defense Technical Group. As mandated by Phase 1 of the EPAA, Spain hosts four U.S. Arleigh Burke-class destroyers that are equipped with SM-3 Block IA and IB interceptors for missile defense.
Ballistic Missile Defense Capabilities in Spain
|Aegis sea-based BMD||United States||Four vessels||Four Arleigh Burke-class destroyers at Rota, Spain|
Air Defense Capabilities in Spain
|MIM-104 Patriot/PAC-2||Medium- to long-range air defense||Six batteries (one deployed in Turkey)||Road-mobile|
|SM-2||Medium-range air defense||Deployed on five vessels||Alvero de Bazan-class Aegis frigates (5)|
|ESSM||Medium-range air defense||Deployed on five vessels||Alvero de Bazan-class Aegis frigates (5)|
|Meroka 2B CIWS||Short-range air defense||Deployed on five vessels||Alvero de Bazan-class Aegis frigates (5)|
|NASAMS||Medium-range air defense||Unknown||Road-mobile|
|Spada 2000||Short-range air defense||Unknown||Road-mobile|
Spain currently has at least one Patriot Air and anti-missile defense system in Turkey and plan on staying in Turkey until at least December of 2016 despite the withdrawals of United States and German units.