Spain

January 9, 2018

Background

Spain’s geographic location sits on the border of Europe and Africa. Primary threats to Spain include failed and failing states in North Africa, as well as terrorists operating in the region. The country joined NATO in 1982, and has cooperated with the U.S. in the framework of the U.S.-Spain Missile Defense Technical Group.[i] As mandated by Phase 1 of the EPAA, Spain hosts four U.S. Arleigh Burke-class destroyers that are equipped with SM-3 Block IA and IB interceptors for missile defense.[ii]


Ballistic Missile Defense Capabilities in Spain

System Operator Number Deployed Platform  
Aegis sea-based BMD United States Four vessels Four Arleigh Burke-class destroyers at Rota, Spain  

Air Defense Capabilities in Spain

System Role Number Deployed Platform  
MIM-104 Patriot/PAC-2 Medium- to long-range air defense Six batteries (one deployed in Turkey) Road-mobile  
SM-2 Medium-range air defense Deployed on five vessels Alvero de Bazan-class Aegis frigates (5)  
ESSM Medium-range air defense Deployed on five vessels Alvero de Bazan-class Aegis frigates (5)  
Meroka 2B CIWS Short-range air defense Deployed on five vessels Alvero de Bazan-class Aegis frigates (5)  
NASAMS Medium-range air defense Unknown Road-mobile  
Spada 2000 Short-range air defense Unknown Road-mobile  

Current Developments

Spain currently has at least one Patriot Air and anti-missile defense system in Turkey and plan on staying in Turkey until at least December of 2016 despite the withdrawals of United States and German units.

Raytheon was awarded a contract to provide engineering services for Patriot missile batteries operated by Spain, Kuwait, Taiwan, and Israel in January 2017. Work on the contract has an estimated completion date of December 31, 2018.[iii]

In October 2017, during the Formidable Shield Exercises, the Spanish frigate SPS Alvaro de Bazan (F101) fired an Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM) against an incoming anti-ship cruise missile while the Netherlands frigate HNLMS Tromp (F803) fired ESSMs against a pair of incoming anti-ship cruise missiles demonstrating NATO’s smart defense concept for the first time.[iv]

As of January 2018, Spain has extended the term of its Patriot air defense missiles deployed at Turkey’s Incirlik Air Base until June 2018.[v]


Recent News


References

[i] http://www.nytimes.com/1982/05/31/world/spain-enters-nato-as-first-country-to-join-since-1955.html

[ii] http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=65393

[iii] https://sputniknews.com/military/201701271050053409-raytheon-maintain-kuwait-taiwan-missiles/

[iv] http://www.c6f.navy.mil/news/formidable-shield-2017-ship-engages-bmd-target-during-nato-exercise-mda-and-navy-conduct-sm-6

[v] https://www.dailysabah.com/politics/2018/01/09/term-of-spanish-patriot-missiles-in-turkey-extended-until-june

International Cooperation