Spain

December 2016

Background

Spain’s geographic location sits on the border of Europe and Africa. Primary threats to Spain include failed and failing states in North Africa, as well as terrorists operating in the region. The country joined NATO in 1982, and has cooperated with the U.S. in the framework of the U.S.-Spain Missile Defense Technical Group. As mandated by Phase 1 of the EPAA, Spain hosts four U.S. Arleigh Burke-class destroyers that are equipped with SM-3 Block IA and IB interceptors for missile defense.


Ballistic Missile Defense Capabilities in Spain

System Operator Number Deployed Platform
Aegis sea-based BMD United States Four vessels Four Arleigh Burke-class destroyers at Rota, Spain aegis-1

Air Defense Capabilities in Spain

System Role Number Deployed Platform
MIM-104 Patriot/PAC-2 Medium- to long-range air defense Six batteries (one deployed in Turkey) Road-mobile pac-2-patriot
SM-2 Medium-range air defense Deployed on five vessels Alvero de Bazan-class Aegis frigates (5) SM2 best
ESSM Medium-range air defense Deployed on five vessels Alvero de Bazan-class Aegis frigates (5) evolved-seasparrow-missile
Meroka 2B CIWS Short-range air defense Deployed on five vessels Alvero de Bazan-class Aegis frigates (5) meroka-ciws
NASAMS Medium-range air defense Unknown Road-mobile nasams
Spada 2000 Short-range air defense Unknown Road-mobile spada-2000-2

Current Developments

Spain currently has at least one Patriot Air and anti-missile defense system in Turkey and plan on staying in Turkey until  at least  December of 2016 despite the withdrawals of United States and German units.

Recent News

International Cooperation